Rodent Pest ID
Southern Nevada Rodent pest control services for Rats, Mice, Shrews, Voles, and Moles in Las Vegas, Henderson, Boulder City, and more by TheLens. A properly identified Rodent will result in properly executed treatment, with little to no future ongoing pest activity. Below are examples of many Rodents that are available throughout the area. Rodents are a very select group of pests and require a specialized trapping or baiting process. Please consult with a professional pest control company prior to making your own treatment.
Facts about Rodents in your home or business
- 20% of undetermined fires are caused by Rat or Mouse activity.
- Insurance companies may deny damages claims for damages caused by rodents in un-kept structures.
- World-wide Rats and Mice spread over 35 diseases like: Asthma, Plague, Rat Bite Fever, Hanta Virus, Hemorrhagic Fever, Leptospirorsis, Salmonella, and Murine Typhus. Ways to prevent these diseases are as simple as using Personal Protective Equipment like: gloves, respirators, and safety glasses/goggles. Disease prevention also includes using a vacuum with a HEPA filter, and cleaning with a solution of Bleach and Water.
Signs of Rodent activity
- Holes chewed through packing material, walls, or weather strips of doors.
- Chew or tooth marks left on wood-doors, baseboards, cabinets, wires, pipes, insulation, or kitchen tables.
- Grease marks left from the oils on Rodent fur left on walls, doors, and baseboards.
- Shredded paper, wrappers, plastic, and stuffing materials.
- Fecal droppings: Norway Rats-typically up to 3/4″ long and 1/4″ in diameter and blunt or round ends or Roof Rats-1/2″ long and 1/4″ in diameter and pointed ends. Color of droppings varies on food sources consumed recently.
Scalops Aquaticus vary from black to gray to brown or copper, approximately 5.5-8.5″ long (tail to head). American moles live in well-drained soil in fields, meadows, pastures and open woodlands, and will tunnel in search of food (earth-worms, insects, and larvae), leaving soil ridges from shallow tunnels. Moles are very active most throughout Spring and tend to burrow deeper into the soil throughout Winter in chase of food sources that dig deeper into the Earth because of soil freeze. Moles are not nocturnal, not considered a true rodent (because they are insectivores), active year around, have curved large front paws that act like a shovels, can dig up to 18 ft per hour or 150 ft per day, and rarely make it into structures (unless the structure foundation is dirt). Moles have a life span of approximately 6 years and gestation period of 45 days with litter sizes averaging around 2 to 7 babies per year.
Peromyscus Maniculatus is brownish gray with a white underbody, approximately 5-8″ long. Deer mice are found on open grasslands, brushy country, badlands, cliffs, coniferous forests, shelterbelts, pasturelands, and croplands. Deer mice live in burrows they have dug or abandoned burrows of other animals, underneath rocks, stumps, and cracks in the soil. Deer Mice eat insects, seeds, berries, nuts, and grasses found outside in nature but may also find human foods comforting. Reduce food sources left outside such as bird seed, dog food, and other obvious food sources that may be provided through human interactions. The typical life span of a Deer Mouse is approximately 2 years but most die within 1 year. Gestation periods for female Deer Mice is approximately 3 weeks with up to 4 baby mice per litter. Deer Mice can breed all year with up to 4 litters a year.
Mus Domesticus is grayish brown with a dark gray underbody, approximately 3-4″ long, and gain entry through openings as small as a dime of 1/4″ diameter holes/cracks. The gestation period of a House Mouse is approximately 3 weeks with the average litter size of up to 12 baby mice. House mice are considered the most common mammal in the United States found in buildings, houses, and farms. The life span of the typical mouse is approximately 2 years but most only survive about 5 months. Eliminate stored clutter along the exterior perimeter of a structure to prevent activity along the outside, limit food sources like over ripened fruit on trees including: orange, pomegranate, lemon, fig, olive, and many other trees located in Southern Nevada. House mice cause damage by: contaminating food with droppings, and chewing/shredding things.
Meadow Vole or Field Mouse
Microtus Spp vary from brown to dark brown, approximately 3-5″ long. Gestation period for Meadow Voles is approximately 3 weeks with litters sizes averaging 4 to 6 young. Meadow Voles are active throughout the year, live approximately 16 months to 2 years but rarely make it past one month. Meadow voles may eat grass, the bark off a trees, seeds of pine cones for nourishment, and will store found in borrows dug into the ground. Field Mice typically live their entire life outside and spend winters making tunnels under snow to travel from their nest to food sources. Eliminating low growing bushes that touch the ground and leaf clutter that accumulated throughout your yard will greatly reduce Meadow Vole activity.
Rattus Norvegicus also called Brown Rat, House Rat, Barn Rat, Sewer Rat, Wharf Rat, and Gray Rat is similar to a roof rat but chunkier, approximately 14-19″ long (tail to head). Norway rats are found throughout the United States and every continent on Earth except Antarctica, live in or near garbage dumps, feed mills, chicken houses/farms, burrow into the ground, and swim up to 1 mile. Norway Rats generally live in a structured hierarchical groups in burrows or subsurface locations like sewers, basements, crawl spaces, cellars, and drains. Norway Rats prefer food sources like cereal/grain products, meats, fish, and nuts. The typical life span of the Norway Rat in a natural wild setting is approximately 3 years, but most will not make it past 1 year. Female Norway Rats have a gestation period of approximately 21 days, with a possibility of 5 litters a year, a litter will have 7 to 14 baby Rats that will become adults within 5 weeks.
Rattus Rattus also called Black Rat, and Ship Rat have a slender black to dark brown body in color, approximately 13-18″ long (tail to head), larger eyes/ears with a pointed snout, and a tail longer than the body. Roof Rats can enter a hole the size of a quarter and prefer clutter to hide in and around. Roof rats are particular to warmer climates found in Europe, Asia, Southern Africa, Australia and in coastal regions of North America. Roof Rats nest in trees, attics, ceiling insulation, wall voids, roofs, woodpiles, and vegetation (typically do not burrow into the ground). Roof Rats prefer a vegetarian diet filled with nuts, seeds, fruits, figs, plant leaves, pet food, insects, slugs, and snails. The typical life span of the Roof Rat in the wild setting is approximately 3 to 5 years but rarely make it past 1 year because of environmental factors like disease, predators, and human trapping.
Soricidae is brown to light brown with a pointed snout and sharp teeth, approximately 2-6″ long. Shrews live under vegetation; some occupy the burrows of other small animals.. Shrews are insectivorous and produce a musky odor from a pair of glands under their flanks which deter predator animals.
Contact TheLens for your next Rodent Control quote today!